A number of initiatives are being undertaken in this direction, including the Food and Agriculture Organization, which has launched the programme “Economy and Policy Innovations for Climate-Smart Agriculture”. On the continent, a number of programmes and initiatives, such as the NEPAD Programme on Climate Change and Agriculture, promoted by the NEPAD Agency, constitute a galvanic and catalytic effort to make Africa`s efforts to combat the effects of climate change on the agricultural sector in a coordinated and coherent manner: its overall objective is to realize the vision of the African Union; 25 million agricultural households by 2025 in the csa exercise. .