Some of these rules seem reasonable in theory, but may, in practice, be a strong deterrent to remain in the profession. Many states, such as New York, allow greater reciprocity for teachers with between 3 and 5 years of experience – but this requirement can limit access because people are often the most mobile in their careers. Franz`s story ends well, but she has followed a winding path. A Los Angeles public school wanted to hire her, but could only do so as a long-term replacement until her certification was finalized, which only happened after three months of confusion over whether she should apply online or with a physical copy. She even volunteered at her new school, waiting for her assistant`s license for weeks. But to get this job, she had to be certified and certified in New York – she was already certified in Pennsylvania. But first it had to decipher the requirements imposed on it and then pass an expensive battery of tests. The Pennsylvania certification test she had passed was not new York`s. The National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education and Certification (NASDTEC) was created to promote cooperation and communication between educators in different countries and facilitate mobility and interstate licensing.

NASDTEC formed the Interstate Agreement to facilitate this movement. Since 2011, Iowa and Minnesota are the only states not to participate in the Interstate Agreement. A person with a license or certification in one state can obtain a license in another state as long as both states participate in the agreement. Some countries have their own specific requirements that need to be met, such as extra course work, testing or teaching experience, but the agreement makes things much easier. The way the agreement works is that each state (as well as the District of Columbia, the territories of Guam and Puerto Rico and even some Canadian provinces) explains which states they will accept teacher licenses or certificates and what additional requirements, if any, will be required. They can even specify the types of certificates they accept (teachers, administrators, etc.). These agreements do not necessarily go both ways. Just because Georgia, for example, accepts Connecticut certification does not mean that Connecticut accepts Georgia certification. Connecticut is expected to declare in its agreement that it accepts certification by Georgia. Transcript checks – the process in which a state council reviews a teacher`s transcript or even previous classroom programs to determine whether they meet certain standards – appear even less defensible. Studies have not consistently shown what types of teacher training are effective and what types of training are not.

The State Board of Teaching was held in contempt of court for failing to follow a previous arrangement that facilitated certification of teachers moving to Minnesota. The appeal of out-of-state teachers continues after a state appeals court rejected an application in August 2016. Without careful consideration, it is not certain that other professions face many of the same bureaucratic snafus that appear to be teachers when alternating between states. In addition, there is no tangible evidence that reciprocity rules in other occupations have succeeded in improving mobility measures in the United States. Kocher worked for a year at a charter school that has more flexibility in recruiting non-certified teachers. In 2016, a proposal was presented to Congress, modelled on the Third Way Report, to mix processes between states, while legislation has never gone anywhere. However, a provision has been inserted into the Every Student Succeeds Act, the federal K-12 Act, which allows states to use federal funds to increase the number of quality teachers and headteachers, in order to create an intergovernmental system of reciprocity, as provided by the Third Way.